Saturday, July 08, 2017

Meeting with President of the European Commission Jean-Claude Juncker.

Vladimir Putin met with President of the European Commission Jean-Claude Juncker on the sidelines of the G20 Summit in Hamburg.

President Vladimir Putin.
Russian President Vladimir Putin.
President of Russia Vladimir Putin:

Mr. President, colleagues,

I we are happy to have a chance to meet with you on the G20 sidelines.

We have stayed in contact despite all the current problems. Recently we had useful talks at the St Petersburg International Economic Forum, and we appreciate your decision to come to St Petersburg back then, in June 2016.

In April, Ms. Mogherini visited Moscow. Her next meeting with the Russian Foreign Minister is scheduled to take place on July 11 in Brussels. We hope to continue and enhance our contacts with the European Commission.

As you know, there is another area of interest: cooperation between the European Commission and the Eurasian Economic Union. We could move forward faster here and look for possibilities to expand contacts, which are possible in many areas.

At any rate, we are very happy to have this opportunity to meet with you and discuss all these issues.

Thank you.

Vladimir Putin met with President of the European Commission Jean-Claude Juncker.
Vladimir Putin met with President of the European Commission Jean-Claude Juncker.
President of the European Commission Jean-Claude Juncker (retranslated):

Thank you, Mr. President,

On our part, we, the European Commission, also want dialogue. We have known each other for a long time, and we are perfectly aware what we are striving to achieve.

President of the European Commission Jean-Claude Juncker.
President of the European Commission Jean-Claude Juncker.
The problems between the Russian Federation and the European Union are well known: Crimea and eastern Ukraine. However, the European Commission wants to continue efforts so as to find opportunities for cooperation and possible points of overlapping interests.

We have already identified such opportunities in June last year during our meeting in St Petersburg, and think we should continue in the same spirit.

<…>

PHOTO:
Vladimir Putin at a meeting with President of the European Commission Jean-Claude Juncker.
Vladimir Putin at a meeting with President of the European Commission Jean-Claude Juncker.

Meeting with President of Turkey Recep Erdogan.

Vladimir Putin met with President of Turkey Recep Tayyip Erdogan on the sidelines of the G20 Summit.

Vladimir Putin, Recep Tayyip Erdogan.
Vladimir Putin met with President of Turkey Recep Tayyip Erdogan.
The two leaders discussed issues pertaining to bilateral cooperation, the problems of Syrian settlement, and compared notes on the Turk Stream and Akkuyu NPP projects.

* * *

President of Russia Vladimir Putin:

Mr. President, colleagues,

I am very happy to see you. We have been keeping in contact on a regular basis. A great deal has been achieved recently, both towards a full-scale development of bilateral relations and to address a number of problems that concern us.

Russian President Vladimir Putin.
Russian President Vladimir Putin.
Mr. President, it is largely owing to your stand that the situation in Syria has changed Ignore for the better. The terrorist groups have suffered a major blow, and the settlement has seen major progress.

We highly appreciate you position and the position of your colleagues, our negotiation partners.

I am very glad to have this opportunity to address the whole range of issues here, on the G20 sidelines.

President of Turkey Recep Tayyip Erdogan (retranslated):

Thank you very much.

First of all, I have to say that we are having a very unusual summit. Today we are nearing the end of the G20 Summit.

I am confident that our joint efforts with Russia with regard to the developments that have occurred are a clear example for the region’s nations and for the entire global community. Expectations are naturally running high.

President of Turkey Recep Tayyip Erdogan.
President of Turkey Recep Tayyip Erdogan.
We are making a considerable contribution to the development of bilateral relations as well, and this makes the relationship between our peoples ever stronger. I am sure that the progress we have already achieved in the economy and in the defense industry will strengthen our bilateral relations even further.

At the same time, expectations in the region, especially regarding the Syria issues, are indeed very high. From that perspective, I think our meeting today is very significant.

I would like to thank you personally and on behalf of the Turkish people for the part you have had in settling those issues.

Vladimir Putin:

Thank you.

<…>


PHOTO:
Vladimir Putin at a meeting with President of Turkey Recep Tayyip Erdogan.
Vladimir Putin at a meeting with President of Turkey Recep Tayyip Erdogan.
Russian President and Recep Tayyip Erdogan.
Russian President and Recep Tayyip Erdogan.
Vladimir Putin G20 Hamburg
Vladimir Putin before a meeting with President of Turkey Recep Tayyip Erdogan.

Working breakfast with Angela Merkel and Emmanuel Macron.

Vladimir Putin began the second day of the G20 Summit with a working breakfast with Federal Chancellor of Germany Angela Merkel and President of France Emmanuel Macron.

Vladimir Putin had a working breakfast with Federal Chancellor of Germany Angela Merkel and President of France Emmanuel Macron.
Vladimir Putin had a working breakfast with Federal Chancellor of Germany Angela Merkel and President of France Emmanuel Macron.
The leaders discussed the situation in Ukraine and ways to settle the crisis.

Taking part in the meeting from the Russian side were:
  • Presidential Aide Yury Ushakov
  • Deputy Chief of the Presidential Executive Office, Presidential Press Secretary Dmitry Peskov.

PHOTO:
Vladimir Putin with Federal Chancellor of Germany Angela Merkel and President of France Emmanuel Macron before a working breakfast.
Vladimir Putin with Federal Chancellor of Germany Angela Merkel and President of France Emmanuel Macron before a working breakfast.

Meeting with Prime Minister of Japan Shinzo Abe.

Vladimir Putin met with Prime Minister of Japan Shinzo Abe on the sidelines of the G20 summit in Hamburg.

Vladimir Putin
Vladimir Putin at a meeting with Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe.
President of Russia Vladimir Putin:

Shinzo, first of all I would like to apologize that we kept you waiting – I had a very long conversation with the President of the United States. Many issues have piled up: Ukraine, Syria, other problems, some bilateral issues, and once again the fight against terrorism and security measures. So, speaking also on his behalf – you have our apologies.

I am very happy to see you. We will have another meeting in Vladivostok in the near future. I am very glad we have such an intensive dialogue. This will certainly promote the development of our bilateral relations and, I am hoping, will allows us to resolve our protracted problems.

In line with our agreement, quite recently a business delegation from Japan visited the Kuril Islands. We will follow the path set by our agreements.

I am glad to have this opportunity to meet again on the sidelines of the G20 summit.

Meeting with Prime Minister of Japan Shinzo Abe.
Prime Minister of Japan Shinzo Abe (retranslated): Indeed, although I was looking forward to today’s meeting, I have said more than once that a meeting of the leaders of Russia and the United States is essential for settling global issues related to Ukraine, Syria, and North Korea, to name a few.

I welcome the top-level meeting between Russia and America and I am glad you had a fruitful dialogue at the meeting.

Our bilateral relations have been steadily developing in different areas since our meeting in the city of Nagato last December. I would like to use today’s meeting to give them additional impetus.

It is necessary to deepen trust between our two countries in order to sign a peace treaty. In this context, we are prepared to develop cooperation, that is, productive joint activities on the islands, greater freedom for former residents of the islands to visit graves of relatives. We want to promote trust between our two countries.

I believe the recent visit of our business delegation for joint economic activities on the islands was an important event.

<…>

PHOTO:
Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe.
Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe.
Vladimir Putin with Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe.
Vladimir Putin with Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe.

Friday, July 07, 2017

Meeting with US President Donald Trump.

A meeting between Vladimir Putin and US President Donald Trump took place on the sidelines of the G20 summit.


President of the United States of America Donald Trump:

Thank you very much. We appreciate it.

President Putin and I have been discussing various things, and I think it’s going very well. We’ve had some very, very good talks. We’re going to have a talk now, and obviously that will continue. But we look forward to a lot of very positive things happening for Russia, for the United States, and for everybody concerned. And it’s an honor to be with you. Thank you.

President of Russia Vladimir Putin:

Mr. President,

We have talked on the phone about vital bilateral and international issues several times but, of course, telephone conversations are not enough.

If we want to find positive solutions to bilateral issues and the most important and urgent international problems, such meetings in person are essential.

I am very happy to meet you, Mr. President. I hope, as you have said, that our meeting will produce positive results.

PHOTO:
Presidents Putin and Trump, G20, Hamburg.
Presidents Putin and Trump, G20, Hamburg.
Meeting with US President Donald Trump.
Meeting with US President Donald Trump.
Vladimir Putin at a meeting with US President Donald Trump.
Vladimir Putin at a meeting with US President Donald Trump.
Vladimir Putin with US President Donald Trump.
Vladimir Putin with US President Donald Trump.
Russian President and President Donald Trump.
Russian President and President Donald Trump.
Vladimir Putin and Donald J. Trump.
Vladimir Putin and Donald J. Trump.
Russian President Vladimir Putin.
Russian President Vladimir Putin.
US President Donald Trump.
US President Donald Trump.

Greetings on the start of the Silk Way Rally 2017.

Vladimir Putin sent greetings to participants, organizers and fans of the International Silk Way Rally 2017, which set off from Red Square in Moscow.

The message reads, in part:

“The rally that brings together participants from different countries and passes through Russia, Kazakhstan and China, will end in Xi’an where the Great Silk Road began many centuries ago. The rally, which traces the route of the ancient caravan road, is rightly considered a major event in international sports and has always attracted broad public interest and attention.

The crews will cover thousands of kilometers of a very complicated route and face challenges, but at each leg they will be met by fans and locals who will certainly give them a hearty, hospitable welcome.”

The International Silk Way Rally will take place on July 7–22.

Meeting with President of South Korea Moon Jae-in.

Vladimir Putin met with President of the Republic of Korea Moon Jae-in on the sidelines of the G20 summit in Hamburg. The two presidents discussed various issues of bilateral cooperation.

Vladimir Putin with President of South Korea Moon Jae-in.
Vladimir Putin with President of South Korea Moon Jae-in.

On the Russian side the meeting was attended by:

  • Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov,
  • Presidential Aide Yury Ushakov,
  • Minister of Economic Development Maxim Oreshkin,
  • Rosneft CEO Igor Sechin.

* * *

President of Russia Vladimir Putin:

Mr. President, colleagues,

I am very pleased to meet you and continue our dialogue that we have already started by phone.

Naturally, we paid attention to the statement you made immediately after you were elected President, notably, on readiness to conduct dialogue with all interested countries, including Russia and other northern neighbors.
Russian President Vladimir Putin.
Russian President Vladimir Putin.
The Republic of Korea ranks fourth in trade with Russia in the Asia-Pacific region. We had a small decline but we are witnessing decent growth in the first quarter – 36 percent.

North Korea’s nuclear program is certainly a very urgent issue. The main point here is not to lose self-control. It is necessary to act pragmatically and carefully.

I am glad to have this opportunity to discuss all these issues with you.

Russian President Vladimir Putin with President of South Korea Moon Jae-in.
Russian President Vladimir Putin with President of South Korea Moon Jae-in.
President of South Korea Moon Jae-in (retranslated):

Thank you very much for your kind words. I would like to take this opportunity to thank you for your call following my election as President. And thank you for receiving my Special Envoy Song Young-gil.

I would also like to take this opportunity to thank you for your invitation to Vladivostok next September to take part in the third Eastern Economic Forum.

I would also like to invite you to visit us in Korea. Please come to our country as soon as possible. For us this is a very good opportunity to discuss all issues between our countries.

President of South Korea Moon Jae-in.
President of South Korea Moon Jae-in.

I am very interested in cooperation on developing the Far Eastern Region of the Russian Federation and the Northern Sea Route.

And, as you observed, the North Korean provocation, this missile provocation is a threat not only to the Korean Peninsula but also to the entire region of Northeast Asia.

<…>

G20 Summit in Hamburg.

The G20 Summit started in Hamburg.

G20 Summit participants.
G20 Summit participants.

The G20 leaders held an informal meeting on counter-terrorism efforts.

In addition, Vladimir Putin will take part in two working meetings devoted, in particular, to global economic growth, trade, climate change and energy.

The President of Russia is also expected to hold a number of bilateral meetings on the sidelines of the summit.


PHOTO:
Informal meeting of the G20 Leaders. Angela Merkel. Donald J. Trump.
Informal meeting of the G20 Leaders. Angela Merkel. Donald J. Trump.
Informal meeting of the G20 Leaders.
Informal meeting of the G20 Leaders.
Vladimir Putin with Federal Chancellor of Germany Angela Merkel before the start of the G20 summit.
Vladimir Putin with Federal Chancellor of Germany Angela Merkel before the start of the G20 summit.
Vladimir Putin with President of South African Republic Jacob Zuma (left) and President of Mexico Enrique Pena Nieto.
Vladimir Putin with President of South African Republic Jacob Zuma (left) and President of Mexico Enrique Pena Nieto.
Vladimir Putin with Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov before the start of the G20 summit.
Vladimir Putin with Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov before the start of the G20 summit.

Greetings to the 2017 festival of Russian culture in Japan.

Vladimir Putin sent his greetings to participants and guests of the 2017 Russian Seasons festival of Russian culture in Japan.


The message reads, in part:

“The festival is taking place in the hospitable country of Japan for the twelfth time. The Japanese public will enjoy meeting Russian actors, musicians, ballet stars, circus and folk groups. Different cities and prefectures will hold exhibitions by prominent Russian painters and sculptors, screenings of feature and documentary films.

This year’s festival is particularly special because the programme includes joint projects by Russian and Japanese artists, as well as shows by an entire constellation of young performers, for whom the debut on Japanese stages will become an important landmark in their careers.

I believe that such major and representative cultural events have great significance for the development of the Russian-Japanese relations and promote trust and understanding between our nations.”

BRICS Leaders’ Meeting.

Informal meeting of BRICS heads of state and government.
Informal meeting of BRICS heads of state and government.
Before the start of the G20 Summit in Hamburg, an informal meeting took place between the heads of state and government of the BRICS countries (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa).

Following the meeting, the BRICS leaders issued a joint press communique.

Press Communique of the BRICS Leaders’ Informal Meeting on the Margins of the G20 Hamburg Summit.


We, the BRICS Leaders, met on the margins of the G20 Summit in Hamburg, Germany on 7 July 2017.

We recognize that global economic growth is gathering pace, though the downside risks persist. BRICS countries and other Emerging Markets and Developing Countries (EMDCs) continue to be the main engine of global growth. Facing uncertainties in the world economy, major economies should enhance macroeconomic policy coordination and avoid negative spillovers to emerging market economies.

We affirm our support to the G20 German Presidency for a successful hosting of the Hamburg G20 Summit. We resolve to use all policy tools – fiscal, monetary and structural – to enhance resilience and potentials of emerging markets, and foster strong, sustainable, balanced and inclusive growth.

We stress the importance of upholding a more inclusive, balanced, and open world economy, creating an enabling environment for the development of EMDCs, encouraging human resource development and increasing people-to-people links, so that the benefits of globalization can be shared equally by all countries and peoples.

BRICS Leaders’ Meeting.
BRICS Leaders’ Meeting.
We firmly support a rules-based, transparent, non-discriminatory, open and inclusive multilateral trading system, implementation and enforcement of existing WTO rules and commitments and oppose protectionism. We will strive to improve the current framework and functioning of the multilateral trading system. We call for the acceleration of the implementation of the Bali and Nairobi MCM outcomes and for the WTO Ministerial Conference to be held this year in Argentina to produce positive outcomes.

In order to support global economic growth and make our financial systems more resilient to any potential systemic crises, we are committed to making global financial architecture more effective and reflective of the current global economic landscape. In this regard, we stress the importance of increasing the voice and representation of EMDCs in global economic and financial institutions, and of the completion of the new round of reforms of the IMF and the World Bank as scheduled. We welcome the contribution of the New Development Bank and the Contingent Reserve Arrangement to international financial stability and sustainable development.

Russian President Vladimir Putin.
Russian President Vladimir Putin.
We commit ourselves and call upon the international community to make further efforts in implementing the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and attaining its Goals in a timely manner with an equal and balanced emphasis on its economic, social and environmental dimensions. Education and research are important in reaching the SDGs. We believe education improves global economic environment and promotes innovation and adoption of technologies, accelerates job creation and moves economies towards more diversified and value adding industries.

We urge developed countries to honor their Official Development Assistance commitments and help developing countries improve their development capabilities and achieve the SDGs by 2030.

We recognize the importance of research and technology collaboration in stimulating world economic growth and encourage the contributions of research initiatives to the development of economic sector. Promotion of innovation is important for sustainable growth and provides a strong and sustainable contribution to the world economy. We emphasize the importance of implementing the G20 commitments in this regard.

We call upon the international community to jointly work towards implementation of the Paris Agreement on Climate Change according to the principles of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), including the principles of equity and common but differentiated responsibilities and respective capabilities, in the light of different national circumstances, and to fulfill commitments to provide financial and technical support to developing countries in meeting their climate challenges.

We commit to take stock of our cooperation experiences and to build upon existing agreements, including the Strategy for BRICS Economic Partnership, and look forward to further enhancing BRICS strategic partnership in all priority areas of cooperation.

We express appreciation and voice full support for China’s BRICS Chairmanship. We look forward to a successful hosting of 9th BRICS Summit in Xiamen under the theme of ”Stronger Partnership for a Brighter Future“.

PHOTO:

President of Brazil Michel Temer at the informal meeting of BRICS heads of state and government.
President of Brazil Michel Temer at the informal meeting of BRICS heads of state and government.
President of the People’s Republic of China Xi Jinping at the informal meeting of BRICS heads of state and government.
President of the People’s Republic of China Xi Jinping at the informal meeting of BRICS heads of state and government.
President of South Africa Jacob Zuma at the informal meeting of BRICS heads of state and government.
President of South Africa Jacob Zuma at the informal meeting of BRICS heads of state and government.
Prime Minister of India Narendra Modi at the informal meeting of BRICS heads of state and government.
Prime Minister of India Narendra Modi at the informal meeting of BRICS heads of state and government.
Vladimir Putin at the informal meeting of BRICS heads of state and government.
Vladimir Putin at the informal meeting of BRICS heads of state and government.

Working meeting with Orel Region Governor Vadim Potomsky.

Vadim Potomsky briefed the President on the socio-economic situation in Orel Region. The questions local residents asked of the head of state during Direct Line were addressed separately.

Vladimir Putin met with Orel Region Governor Vadim Potomsky.
Vladimir Putin met with Orel Region Governor Vadim Potomsky.
In keeping with the President’s instructions, the Presidential Executive Office is analyzing questions that came in during Direct Line by region and federal subject. Vladimir Putin stressed that this work should be systematic, covering practically the country’s entire territory.

The President drew the Governor’s attention to a number of issues that are a source of concern to people living in Orel Region, in particular, employment, unsafe housing, the lack of medications for those entitled to free or subsidized medications, rising utilities and housing maintenance costs, water supply, the lack of free school textbooks and the condition of roads.

Vladimir Putin and Orel Region Governor Vadim Potomsky.
Vladimir Putin and Orel Region Governor Vadim Potomsky.
The President gave Mr. Potomsky summary materials and specific issues to work on, stressing that this work will be conducted with practically each Russian region, with the results to be reviewed at a corresponding meeting.

The Governor responded to some of the questions that were raised and promised that after studying the situation thoroughly, he would respond to all questions from residents.

Governor Potomsky also commented on the situation in the region in general.

PHOTO:
Working meeting with Orel Region Governor Vadim Potomsky.
Working meeting with Orel Region Governor Vadim Potomsky.

Meeting with chess player Sergei Karyakin.

Vladimir Putin met with Russian chess grand master Sergei Karyakin. During the meeting they discussed the development of chess at the regional level, among other topics.

Vladimir Putin with chess player Sergei Karyakin.
Vladimir Putin with chess player Sergei Karyakin.
President of Russia Vladimir Putin:

Mr. Karyakin, you became a grand master at 12, didn’t you?

Sergei Karyakin:

Yes, I was the youngest.

Vladimir Putin:

You have achieved great success since then, and I congratulate you on it. At the end of last year, you won the World Blitz Championship.

Sergei Karyakin:

Yes, I became the World Blitz champion.

Vladimir Putin:

My congratulations.

Vladimir Putin at a meeting with chess player Sergei Karyakin.
Vladimir Putin at a meeting with chess player Sergei Karyakin.
Sergei Karyakin:

Thank you very much.

And thank you very much for inviting me, I am very happy to be here.

Vladimir Putin:

I would like to thank you for what you have been doing to promote chess and discuss what else can be done. You know that we opened a chess section at the Sirius Centre for Children in Sochi. Have you been there?

Sergei Karyakin:

Yes, I have been there. We actually saw each other briefly during the school opening. I also wanted to discuss this subject. There are several topics for us to discuss related to developing chess in the regions.

But first, I would like to invite you on behalf of the Russian Chess Federation. The Chess Club on Gogolevsky Boulevard recently opened after its renovation with Mr. Sobyanin’s [Moscow Mayor] support. It has an absolutely unique chess museum and we invite you to visit it. It has some truly unique items on display and I think you would like it very much.

Vladimir Putin:

Indeed, our school of chess is very good and, I should mention, both in St. Petersburg and in Moscow. Therefore, I will be glad to visit. We will choose the best time for the visit.

Sergei Karyakin:

Yes, of course.

<…>

PHOTO:
Chess player Sergei Karyakin.
Chess player Sergei Karyakin.
Russian President Vladimir Putin.
Russian President Vladimir Putin.

Thursday, July 06, 2017

Commission for Military Technical Cooperation with Foreign States.

Vladimir Putin held a meeting of the Commission for Military Technical Cooperation with Foreign States.


President of Russia Vladimir Putin:

Good afternoon, colleagues. Today we are holding a regular meeting of the Commission for Military Technical Cooperation with Foreign States. Before we turn to the agenda, I would like to mention, or, to be more precise, recall an event that has a direct bearing on our discussion.

As you may know, on June 28 the Kremlin hosted a gala reception in honor of distinguished graduates of military academies. It is no exaggeration to say that they are the backbone of our Armed Forces, highly skilled professionals with the most advanced military knowledge.

Meeting of Commission for Military Technical Cooperation with Foreign States.
Meeting of Commission for Military Technical Cooperation with Foreign States.
I would also like to note that this year over a thousand army service personnel from 30 countries graduated from Russia’s schools of higher learning. About 8,000 foreign students study in Defense Ministry schools, with about a third of them from the CSTO member-states.

There is growing demand in the global arms market for qualified military specialists. In this context the training of military personnel, teaching them to operate Russian weapons and equipment, and building up the export of military services, should remain a major component of the military technical cooperation system.

Russian President Vladimir Putin.
Russian President Vladimir Putin.
Furthermore, competition in the world arms market is obviously growing; you know this better than anyone does. The combat efficiency of arms is a decisive criterion for potential buyers. I would like to note that Russian weapons have demonstrated reliability and wide-ranging functionality during the anti-terrorist operation in Syria, something we have discussed. It is necessary to carefully analyze this combat experience both for upgrading existing systems and for developing new and advanced combat hardware.

At the same time, it is necessary to enhance the military industrial cooperation framework itself. For this purpose, major structural changes have been made to the Russian defense industry. Major defense holdings have been brought together under one administration for the convenience of cooperation, production upgrades and higher financial stability.

Several major groups were granted the right to foreign trade, which significantly increases their independence in talks and accelerates contractual work. Moreover, this measure is supposed to make military industrial cooperation easier and more convenient for foreign customers as well. I am referring to the opportunity to directly negotiate with arms manufacturers and to conduct the entire scope of operations from marketing to maintenance and repair of supplied equipment. In other words, these conditions provide for more efficient cooperation between the Russian defense industry companies and their foreign partners for the sake of further innovative development of the domestic industry.

I will emphasize that the defense industry companies that were granted the right to engage in foreign trade are assuming all responsibility for the quality of their products and compliance with the contractual terms of their foreign supplies. However, the Commission and other involved agencies should still be monitoring these activities. It is important to prevent any disruptions in the new procedure and to carefully monitor the operations.

I already spoke about the current use of Russian weapons, particularly in the fight against terrorists in the Syrian Arab Republic. I would like to thank both the military personnel, and the designers and developers of one of our latest missile systems, Kh-101. This missile system has proved highly reliable. It is indeed the most advanced weapon with high precision and capacity, and a range of 4,500 km, which is quite good. A weapon of this class must be in the center of our attention and the attention of our defense agencies and industrial companies.

All our decisions on supplies of arms to external markets are based on the current international situation in various regions – in order to prevent any imbalances and to avoid an escalation of conflicts. On the contrary, our weapons must be used to contain conflicts at the early stages.

Let us discuss all these topics in more detail.

<…>